The lower lakes

Milanovac lake (Jezero Milanovac or Milanovo) - according to the legend, was named after a shepherd Mile who drowned in it, or after a miller Mile Perisic who owned a mill at the lake. This lake, the biggest of all of the Lower lakes, is located 532m above the sea level, its depth is 18m in the beginning section. Its length is 470m and width varies from 50 to 90m, while area occupied is 0.03 km2.


The water colour varies from bluish to greenish, depending on daily light or on the brightness of the sky, or rather wheather we are observing it from the upper path section, or from the very edge of the water. The lake is edged by over 20m high cliffs, and a walkway for the sightseeing is set up right next to the water along the eastern side, but we could also see it while walking on the footpath on the upper canyon section, where several lookout points are set up.


Scars and dark holes in the cliffs along the lower path are testifying of existence of semi - caves and caves as characteristic morphological forms of this kind of chalky layers.


The eastern section of the Milanovci lake waterfalls are descending into the lower placed lake, immediately next to the walkway. These were named "Milka Trnina waterfalls" as a sign of thankfulness to this talented Croatian opera singer, famous worldwide, who helped in 1897 the then "Society for protection and Embellishment of the Plitvice Lakes".


Gavanovac lake (Gavanovac jezero or Gavanovo) - as the legend is saying, the Gavanovo treasure disappeared in this lake. The lake is located on the peak elevation of 514m above the sea level. It is 100m long, 65m wide and occupies an area of 0.01 km?. Although relatively small, its depth is 10m which is normal for water accumulation in a stony cannyon surroundings. A hypothesis saying that water flows out from the bottom of this lake to subterrain in unknown direction, has not yet been proved scientifically. A part of travertine cascades there which are falling down in a lower water collector are called Big Cascades (Velike kaskade).


There is a path branching off from these cascades right up to an impressive dark hole of Supljara cave, through which we can go using rocky and man made stairs in order to reach the plateau and upper path which goes along the canyon edge. A dark hole of the Blue cave (Modra pecina) is visible on the way to the cave. It used to be entered by boat in the past times. The main tourist walkway is continuing along the cascades and goes across the canyon to its western side, leading us to the end of the Plitvice Lakes.


Kaluderovo lake (Kaluderovo jezero, Kaluderovo) - gets its name from "kaluder" - meaning a monk, a hermit who once used to live either in a semi ­ cave just next to the water or in the upper cave at the canyon edge.


This lake is situated 505m above the sea level, its depth is 13m, in an area of 0.02 km2. The lake's length is 225m, and its width varies from 70 to 100m. The sheerest canyon section made of about 40m high rocks is above it. The beginning section of the lake and sections close to the shore, are covered by reeds, which is an obvious evidence of eutrophication of the lake area.


Novakovica brod lake (Jezero Novakovica brod) - according to a tale indicates "crossing or transportation" of Novakovic. From the previous lake it is separated only by 2m high travertine barrier. It is the last of the Plitvice Lakes, situated 503m above the sea level, it is 3m deep and has 0.003 km?, it is 90m wide and 50m long. Today, there is, between a travertine cascade of Kaluderovac and Novakovica brod, a tourist walkway going down from the Entrance point 1 towards the Plitvica river waterfall and then further on around the Lower lakes in the direction of Kozjak.


At the end of Novakovica brod, on a layer covered by bushes, there is a large number of waterfalls of various width that are falling down over a vertical line on the enlarged depression called Sastavci. Sastavci is a stone depression at the end of falling flow of the Plitvice lake water and of the wide Plitvica stream waterfall, which flows into this place from the western side of semicircularly shaped vertical rock.


After falling down the 76m high limestone rock, the Plitvica stream takes away its water over a ten meters long horizontal bed. Then again the water falls down the high stony stairs to the point where it is dispersed in the waterfalls of the Novakovica brod lake. On that spot, joined in a foamed tumble under the water fog, a darkgreen water mass is running away thus forming the beginning of the karst river Korana flow.


From the Entrance point 1, every single visitor can observe in front of and under himself, the sight that is a hundred mettes far, and while being ecstatic with the seen feature, he can walk on the twisting path located at the foot of the rocky cliff. The fact is that the Plitvica stream waterfalls "are the most beautiful in the morning, when illuminated by sunbeams", then, they are more attractive when abundant of spring or autumn water, because in that stage they are "boiling in the most beautiful rainbow colour".


The difference in height between the level of Proscansko lake and the beginning of the Korana river spring, is 158m, according to measurements performed by the engineer M. Petrik.


The first few kilometres of the Korana river flow, carved in a high vertical stone, are giving impression as if that section of flow does not want to stop or interrupt the beauty of the Plitvica cascades, and that is why they are performing an interesting play of the four foamed falls right up to the foot of magnificent stone gate of Golubnjaca cave. Only at the small village Korana, close to Tankovic bridge, the Korana becomes an ordinary karst river which turns and twists through the stone plateau in order to flow into the Kupa river at Karlovac, after 134 km of its flow.